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Kinds: Institution Inside Contiuning: Continuing Project Files:
Project Type: TAGEM Date: 1.1.2023
Institution: Plant Protection Central Research Institute Budget: 211.300 TL Person:
Summary: Bu projede kuru fasulyede mikolojik çalışmalarda fasulye antraknozu (Colletotrichum lindemuthianum) ve kök ve kök boğazı çürüklüğü (Fusarium spp., Rhizoctonia spp., vs.) hastalıklarına, virolojik çalışmalarda BCMV ve BCMNV etmenlerine, bakteriyolojik çalışmalarda adi yaprak yanıklığı (Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli) ve yaprak hale yanıklığı (Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola) hastalıklarına karşı dayanıklılık kaynaklarının geliştirilmesi hedeflenmektedir. Bu amaçla Türkiye’nin önemli fasulye tarımı yapılan 9 ilinde (Eskişehir, Balıkesir, Kütahya, Bursa, Konya, Karaman, Burdur, Nevşehir ve Niğde) survey çalışmaları yapılacak, hastalık belirtisi gösteren bitkilerden fungal, viral ve bakteriyel patojenler izole edilecektir. İzole edilen etmenlerin patojenisite testleri yapılarak virülenslik dereceleri belirlenecektir. Patojenisite çalışmaları sonucunda en yaygın ve en agresif olarak belirlenen izolatlarla etmenlerin ırkları belirlenecek ve bu ırklara karşı materyal önce sera koşullarında daha sonra ümitvar bulunanlar tarla koşullarında dayanıklılık durumunu tespit etmek amacıyla testlenecektir. Bu proje ile elde edilmesi amaçlanan dayanıklılık kaynağının melezleme yoluyla hassas kuru fasulye hat ve çeşitlerine aktarılması üzerine çalışılacaktır.
Kinds: Institution Inside Contiuning: Continuing Project Files:
Project Type: TAGEM Date: 1.1.2023
Institution: Plant Protection Central Research Institute Budget: 170.000 TL Person:
Summary: Nohutta Antraknoza karşı başlatılan dayanıklılık ıslah çalışmaları, dayanıklılık kaynaklarının saptanması ve bu dayanıklılığın melezleme yoluyla iri taneli yemeklik koçbaşı ve leblebilik kırmızı nohut hat ve çeşitlerine aktarılması şeklinde yürütülmektedir. Bu projede nohutta Antraknoz hastalığına neden olan Ascochyta rabiei‘ye karşı dayanıklılık kaynaklarının geliştirilmesi hedeflenmektedir. Bu amaçla Türkiye’nin önemli nohut tarımı yapılan 4 ilinde (Eskişehir, Uşak, Kütahya ve Denizli) survey çalışmaları yapılacak, hastalık belirtisi gösteren bitkilerden fungal patojenler izole edilecektir. İzole edilen A. rabiei izolatlarının patojenisite testleri yapılarak virülenslik dereceleri belirlenecek, daha sonra uluslararası patotip belirleyici tohum setleriyle Ascochyta rabiei’in patotipleri belirlenecektir. Patotip belirleme çalışmaları sonucunda en yaygın ve en agresif olarak belirlenen izolatlara karşı materyal önce sera koşullarında daha sonra ümitvar bulunanlar tarla koşullarında dayanıklılık durumunu tespit etmek amacıyla testlenecektir. Bu proje ile elde edilmesi amaçlanan dayanıklılık kaynağının melezleme yoluyla hassas nohut hat ve çeşitlerine aktarılması üzerine çalışılacaktır.
Kinds: Institution Inside Contiuning: Continuing Project Files:
Project Type: TAGEM Date: 31.12.2022
Institution: Budget: Person:
Summary:
Kinds: Institution Inside Contiuning: Continuing Project Files:
Project Type: TAGEM Date: 31.12.2022
Institution: Budget: 55.000 Person:
Summary: Oregano is one of the most exported medical and aromatic plants from Turkey and 80% of the world demand is met from Turkey, alone. In 2013, a revenue of 56 million ($) was generated from 14.8 thousand tons of oregano exports. Origanum spp. can be used not only as a spice but also as a natural anti-biotic, -microbial, -fungal, -viral in medicine, medicine and cosmetics industry. This project aimes to cultivate oregano lines and varieties which can be adapted to the Central Anatolian ecological conditions, having high drug and essential oil yield. A number of local lines and foreign origin plant materials from the previous projects were planted to the experimental field in 2015. In addition those, the Project material of (Tubitak 1001-104 O 164) "Identification of Yield and Quality Characteristics of Origanum Species and Crosses of Different Hybrids in Different Ecologies", will be evaluated in the preliminary yield experiments, which was established on the mulch layer at Haymana Ikizce Research and Application Farm in 2015. It couln’t be evaluated due to the missing local lines which was planned to receive from Sivas (Orta Karadeniz Geçit Kuşağı Tarımsal Araş. Ens. Mera Bitkileri Lokasyonu, Şarkışla). In 2016, 20 single plants were selected from the farmer field (Çanakkale-Biga) where the local materials of Atatürk Central Horticultural Crops Research Institute of Yalova were cultivated in. Due to the fact that it was the first year of the plantation, maintenance work has been carried out but no evaluation has been done. The preliminary yield studies are going to conduct by around 30 lines, using augmented-design trial tecnique by growing CV Carva and some improved local lines in the trial as references, between 2017 and 2017. The yield studies are going to carried out by the promissing 6 or 7 lines selected from the previous preliminary yield studies between 2019 and 2020 in randomized blocks trial design tecnique, with 3 replicate. Essential oil ratios of the lines will be determined by the neo-clevenger essential oil apparatus in the MAP (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants) laboratory of Central Research Institute for Field Crops and the essential oil components will be determined by GC-MS in the Center of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants laboratory of Western Mediterranean Agricultural Research Institute. Molecular marker techniques will be used to determine genetic characterization of the populations in promising genotypes. Genetic characterization studies will be conducted in Central Research Institute Biotechnology Research Center. The fact that there are no registered oregano cultivars from the seeds in Turkey, and the entomology and plant pathology studies are to be studied within this project, makes oregano breeding studies essential.
Kinds: Institution Outside Contiuning: Continuing Project Files:
Project Type: EU Project Date: 31.5.2022
Institution: Plant Protection Central Research Institute Budget: 7.824.348$ Person:
Summary: The project aims at combating the global decline of pollinator diversity by capacity development on four levels (level of farmers, of NARS, extension/development, policy advises) and reinforce a political mainstreaming, developing a respective global stewardship. It economically self- supports Farming with Alternative Pollinators (FAP – approach). The project has various benefits for many ecosystem services, climate change adaptation, mitigation and sustainable economic development.
Kinds: Institution Inside Contiuning: Continuing Project Files:
Project Type: TAGEM Date: 31.12.2021
Institution: Samsun Veterinary Control Institute Budget: 1.500.000TL Person:
Summary:
Kinds: Institution Outside Contiuning: Continuing Project Files:
Project Type: Univercity BAP Date: 31.12.2021
Institution: Budget: Person:
Summary:
Kinds: Institution Inside Contiuning: Continuing Project Files:
Project Type: TAGEM Date: 31.12.2021
Institution: Budget: Person:
Summary:
Kinds: Institution Inside Contiuning: Continuing Project Files:
Project Type: TAGEM Date: 31.12.2021
Institution: TAGEM Budget: 105000 Person:
Summary: In the scope of this study, the efficacy of the essential oils of the cultivated, Anthemis austriaca (Asteraceae), Anthemis tinctoria (Asteraceae), Tanacetum parthenium (Asteraceae), Tanacetum vulgare (Asteraceae), Artemisia vulgaris (Asteraceae), Artemisia dracunculus (Asteraceae) and Artemisia absinthum (Asteraceae) from Turkey will be investigated, against two major stored product pests (Sitophilus granarius (Col.: Curculionidae), Tribolium castaneum (Col.: Tenebrionidae)) and two important nematode species (Meloidogyne chitwoodi, M. incognita). The essential oil composition of these plant species will be analysed using GC, GC/MS. The study will also include insect behavioral effect studies of the oils/compounds. Previously the essential oils of these plants have not been investigated in detail against the mentioned pests. The detailed research that will be conducted on these plants may yield potential alternative natural substances instead of the synthetic chemicals used in plant protection. If the project concludes in accordance with the work hypothesis, new potential biopesticide substances will be identified. Additionally the project has the potential to provide information that could promote new projects.
Kinds: Institution Inside Contiuning: Continuing Project Files:
Project Type: TAGEM Date: 31.12.2020
Institution: Directorate of Plant Protection Central Research Institute Budget: 105.000 TL Person:
Summary: In the scope of this study, the efficacy of the essential oils of the cultivated, Anthemis austriaca (Asteraceae), Anthemis tinctoria (Asteraceae), Tanacetum parthenium (Asteraceae), Tanacetum vulgare (Asteraceae), Artemisia vulgaris (Asteraceae), Artemisia dracunculus (Asteraceae) and Artemisia absinthum (Asteraceae) from Turkey will be investigated, against two major stored product pests (Sitophilus granarius (Col.: Curculionidae), Tribolium castaneum (Col.: Tenebrionidae)) and two important nematode species (Meloidogyne chitwoodi, M. incognita). The essential oil composition of these plant species will be analysed using GC, GC/MS. The study will also include insect behavioral effect studies of the oils/compounds. Previously the essential oils of these plants have not been investigated in detail against the mentioned pests. The detailed research that will be conducted on these plants may yield potential alternative natural substances instead of the synthetic chemicals used in plant protection. If the project concludes in accordance with the work hypothesis, new potential biopesticide substances will be identified. Additionally the project has the potential to provide information that could promote new projects.
Kinds: Institution Inside Contiuning: Continuing Project Files:
Project Type: TAGEM Date: 31.12.2020
Institution: Plant Production Central Research Institute Budget: 110000 TL Person:
Summary:
Kinds: Institution Outside Contiuning: Continuing Project Files:
Project Type: TAGEM Date: 31.12.2020
Institution: Budget: Person:
Summary:
Kinds: Institution Inside Contiuning: Continuing Project Files:
Project Type: TAGEM Date: 31.12.2020
Institution: Directorate Of Plant Protection Central Research Institute Budget: 60.000 Person:
Summary: Grains that are basic foodstuff place greater importance than the other agricultural products in our economical and social lives due to that fact that it’s a raw material in industry and a considerable resource providing revenue for millions of producers. Vegetative production constitutes a total of 24,52% cereal production, 18% of which are wheat and barley. Central Anatolia, in which 1/3 of wheat and barley production occur, takes place on the top in Turkey. Wheat chafer larvae influencing the yield adversely, feed on the roots and the adults nibble the grains. As a result of banning the seed and surface treatments in 1983 and 2009, the damage and pest population have increased. Today, the studies for the control of this pest are conducted with the technical instructions produced by making use of the researches in abroad. In this study, bioecological criteria based on the control of wheat chafer are going to be determined in Central Anatolia. As a result of the study which will be contucted in one of the farms of General Directorate of Agricultural Enterprises where the pest population reaches enough to damage, the effects of bioecological criteria and climatic conditions will be determined on tha aforesaid criteria. Besides, the effects of insecticides used in seed treatments against ground beetles (Zabrus spp.) and the effects of insecticides registered as temporary are going to be assessed on the adults and larvae of wheat chafer.
Kinds: Institution Inside Contiuning: Continuing Project Files:
Project Type: TAGEM Date: 31.12.2020
Institution: Plant Protection Central Research Institute Budget: 62.500TL Person:
Summary: Production of edible crude oil in Turkey is heavily depended on the importation. Cultivated area of safflower has expanded in the recent years because of it has a high quality edible oil and bio-fuel. It is appreciated as an important crop to reduce follow fields and edible crude oil since the plant is highly tolerant to both high temperature and drought stress. Important yield reductions in safflower that its cultivated fields have spread with government promotion in our arid area have been occured because of the weed. Safflower yield reduction is significant yield reduction whom planted area of has expanded with government promotion in our arid area. Safflower yield reduction caused by weeds can reach to 75% in the World. A comprehensive research on the weed management in Safflower will be carried out in Ankara Province where the city is ranked the first in Turkey. In this study, critical period to determine the most suitable time and economic threshold for wild mustard which is the main weed of safflower will be determined. Safflower is planted at 15-20 cm row because of weed interference and high yield. Mechanical weed management practices couldn’t be applied in safflower fields because it is a thorny plant and sowed in narrow furrows. Herbicides are not recommended to control weed in safflower are used since no herbicide is approved for this aim in Turkey. In the other part of this study, efficacy of herbicides has been approved for use against weeds in safflower in the World on both weeds and safflower will be determined in the condition of Middle Anatolia Region. The results, critical period, economic threshold and chemical management practices, reached at the end of the study will be bases of the integrated weed management program in safflower.
Kinds: Institution Inside Contiuning: Continuing Project Files:
Project Type: TAGEM Date: 31.12.2020
Institution: Budget: Person:
Summary:
Kinds: Institution Inside Contiuning: Continuing Project Files:
Project Type: TAGEM Date: 31.12.2020
Institution: Budget: Person:
Summary:
Kinds: Institution Inside Contiuning: Continuing Project Files:
Project Type: TAGEM Date: 31.12.2020
Institution: Plant Protection Central Research Institute Budget: 105.000 TL Person:
Summary: Synchtrium endobioticum causes Potato Wart disease is a significantly important disease where it occurs. The pathogen can survive with sporangia in the soil for years that makes impossible to control the disease. In addition to, there is no chemical control method for potato wart disease. Thus, it is controlled using both quarantine measurements and cultural techniques all around the World as well as Turkey. In Turkey, Potato Wart Disease is only detected (analyzed) using by microscobic method is based on EPPO standards in only certified Laboratories. There have been so many ongoing researches in the World included EPPO member country try to improve molecular techniques to detect Potato Wart Disease. However, there have been no report about molecular techniques that is used instead of morphological techniques. In this study, it is aimed to use both conventional PCR and Real Time PCR to detect Potato Wart Disease more sensitively and more conventionally. Different soil extraction methods will examine and more convenient method will be validated in quaranatine laboratories. In Nevsehir, Nıgde and Ordu province where potato wart disease highly occurs, sporangia inoculum and variation of recent years will be detected. The most suitable spore density will be found to use in molecular detection.
Kinds: Institution Outside Contiuning: Continuing Project Files:
Project Type: EU Project Date: 31.12.2020
Institution: PPCRI, Ankara Budget: 10.000 € Person:
Summary: Phytoplasmas caused diseases on several plants are prokaryotic microorganisms. Phytoplasmas transmit and spread sap-feeding insects, which belong to Cixiidae family. Some weeds are hosts for phytoplasmas. Candidatus Phytoplasma solani that causes stolbur disease on potato are known to occur in our country and also are listed in quarantine list. The epidemiology of Stolbur disease is complex and it has not been fully understand yet. It is thought that the complex relationship among annual and perennial cultivated plants, weeds and vector insects, which are found in different ecosystems, may be responsible for the genotypic and phenotypic differences of Stolbur phytoplasm. Therefore, the studies carried out for the epidemiology of Stolbur phytoplasma have been started at the molecular level. There is no any studies have been found on the molecular level of the epidemiology of Stolbur phytoplasm in potatoes and other hosts in our country. The aim of this study is to investigate the genetic diversity of stolbur isolates obtained from different hosts such as potato, tomato, pepper, vine and bindweed and to show the relations between host specificity and geographical distribution for the first time in our country. The planned study for this purpose will be conducted as a sub-project (PHYLIB II) of the European Phytosanitary Research Coordination (EUPHRESCO) project from 2018-2020. Within the scope of this sub-project, it is aimed to determine the genetic diversity of Stolbur phytoplasm (Candidatus phytoplasma solani) using PCR / RFLP techniques of isolates obtained from different hosts within the scope of previous studies. In this study, it is aimed that to be identify of isolates obtained from potatoes and other hosts including weeds in the immediate vicinity of potato fields by nested PCR. Among other purposes, the identification of isolates belonging to the subgroup 16SrXII-A from the identified isolates by using PCR / RFLP techniques, the interpretation of the results, and the identification of existing relationships between host specificity and geographical distribution. Participation will also be made in the ring testing work planned for the identification of harmful organisms in the scope of the project.
Kinds: Institution Inside Contiuning: Continuing Project Files:
Project Type: TAGEM Date: 31.12.2020
Institution: Sakarya Maize Research Institute Budget: 60.000TL Person:
Summary:
Kinds: Institution Inside Contiuning: Continuing Project Files:
Project Type: TAGEM Date: 31.12.2020
Institution: Directorate of Plant Protection Central Research Institute Budget: 32.000 TL Person:
Summary: Nazife Tuatay Plant Protection Museum which was founded in 1961 is one of Turkey’s long standing entomology museum in its own field. In the museum collection, there are still quite old samples based on the establishment of the museum, new samples added to the inventory by the existing projects and samples based on new defined species, called as type samples. Data of museum collection were cataloged and published at two times, in the year of 1966 and 1971. Moreover, between 2002-2007, some part of non-defined samples identification was provided and information about 1874 species at museum collection were recorded to the database program with the project of "The Enrichment of Insect Collection of Turkey Plant Protection Museum and Development of a Database”. In the last period, both new sample enterence and donation especially from Bornova Plant Protection Research Station and Adana Biological Control Research Station Direction occurred.That increases the samples at the museum. This situation caused an increase in the number of samples Heteroptera (Hemiptera) in museum. In this project, Hereroptera samples that are not included in the database will be identified, the current names of taxa will be revised and locality information will be updated. As a result of the study, species to diagnosis to be species diagnoses will be added to the museum collection and will provide support especially to the studies about Turkey’s biodiversity and fauna inventory.